June 4, 2021
Space, in its true essence, is the least available resource on our planet. Humanity has been extinguishing forests and nature to make more space while the population heads for the 8 billion milestones, without realizing the ecological consequence of this rapid disposal. Urbanization and the deterioration of nature have always been working simultaneously and most cities and towns have succeeded in harming the environment versus preserving due to urbanization and vacating only a tiny part of nature unscathed. It is estimated that about 60% of the world population will live in urban areas by 2030 and as Asia and Africa currently house 90% of the world’s rural population, the rate of urbanization is much faster than any other region and are predicted to achieve urbanization rates of 56% and 64%, respectively, by 2050. The rise in urban population is expected to be high in India, China, and Nigeria, where 35% of the world urban population growth is predicted to occur during 2018–2050. Urbanization that’s not planned well is environmentally unfavorable and unsustainable leading to adverse climatic effects.
For a sustainable and environmentally friendly urbanization, there's an urgent need for comprehensive land use planning and of urban settlements by giving due consideration to make and sustain Urban Green Spaces (UGS) like parks, gardens, roadside vegetation, etc. UGS play an important role in reducing pollution, mitigating global climate change, and providing various ecosystem services. The development of Green Zones is a significant initiative, made in an attempt to save the environment by creating self-sustaining biospheres and localities. Numerous cities have already taken an action to enhance the sustainability of growing urban populations and are strongly pushing for greener development projects and governmental services to adhere to. A plethora of organizations are calling for a resolute action plan to promote cities as natural places that have the capability of generating multiple benefits to the environment.
Urbanization has created multiple opportunities for the people to develop their respective economies and the key reason for this rapid urbanization spree is over-population and the flourishing industrialization but such unplanned urbanization is environmentally unfriendly and unsustainable leading to adverse effects on climate change.
Climate change and global warming have been transpiring since the inception of the Industrial Revolution in the 1820s. Due to the excessive carbon emissions from automobiles in cities, pollution that affects an outsized number of urban inhabitants globally may be a major concern. Besides the rising pollution, congestion of spaces thanks to conurbation and depletion of groundwater thanks to its overexploitation and mismanagement are a number of the opposite issues which require to be addressed. Congestion in the metro cities like Mumbai, Kolkata, Delhi, and Chennai have caused a tremendous burden on the management of energy, water, and transportation as well as severely affecting the atmosphere, climate, lithosphere, biosphere, hydrosphere, as well as land and water resources.
The carbon footprint represents the total volume of greenhouse gases from everyday economic and human activities. The carbon footprint of humans has increased over 11 times since 1961. Greenhouse gases heat up the Earth due to the absorption of infrared radiation and although some emissions are natural, the rate at which they are being produced has increased because of human activities such as urbanization.
As of 2017, the carbon dioxide (CO2) levels were 142%, of what they used to be a pre-industrial revolution. Methane is up by 253% and nitrous oxide is up by 121% of pre-industrial levels. In the past 250 years, the burning of fossil fuels and lowering carbon-absorbing forests have contributed greatly to the present increase. In the last 25 years, the emissions have increased by more than 33%, most of which comes from carbon dioxide, accounting for three-quarters of this increase. The global fossil CO2 emissions rose 62% between 1990 and 2019. The average global temperature for 2016–2020 is predicted to be the warmest on record, about 1.1 °C above 1850-1900.
This year of the pandemic has resulted in many atrocities but one positive effect it had on the environment was reducing the overall carbon emissions as most people were in their homes and a majority of industries were shut down for the time being, reducing the consumption of fossil fuels and pollutions, helping the nature heal itself.
The contribution of CO2 emissions from the real-estate sector has caused an unbalance along with other industries in the climate and the construction sector in India is liable for about 22% of our total emissions. To cope up with the ever-increasing demand for housing and balance the environment, the sector has started shifting their specialization in sustainable living altogether possible ways. Many developers in the real-estate sector have aimed at making their projects self-sustainable and reduce the pressure on the environment as much as possible. They have started to utilize their resources for building renewable-energy infrastructure and eco-green projects.
Sustainable housing acts as habitable spaces where the occupants have both the chance and therefore the desire to reside beyond the short-term, which is conducive to their socio-economic development and respectful for the natural environment. At the end of the day, the land remains a profitable asset as compared to other investments due to lower risk and better returns and sustainability will a play an enormous role in the growth and preservation of the real-estate sector.
Green spaces and other nature-based solutions offer innovative approaches to extend the standard of urban settings, enhance local resilience and promote sustainable lifestyles, improving both the health and therefore the well-being of urban residents through improved air quality index and quality of water, the buffering of sound pollution and mitigation of impacts from extreme events, these urban green spaces can reduce environmental health risks related to urban living. Green housing directly addresses the worldwide problem of adjusting climate, heating, lack of green spaces in cities, and enhance the health and the wellbeing of their inhabitants. Through a sustainable design, construction and operations, green buildings can reduce carbon emissions, energy and waste; conserving water; prioritizing safer materials and lowering our exposure to toxins.
Integrated townships are all about providing the required infrastructure, including social, health, education et al. in one place. These townships will serve as growth centers and make people’s life a lot simple and comfortable.
Walking to office, children walking to schools, hospitals, supermarkets, malls, and entertainment facilities in close vicinity to your stay. This contributes to the reduction in protecting the environment while living an extremely healthy life. Integrated townships support and facilitate health and well-being by enabling
The positive change is that the buyer demand will probably shift towards more efficient properties, especially since the lockdown experience has revealed the downsides of energy-intensive buildings. When it involves residential properties, where people will likely live and work from home, replacement demand for green and efficient energy systems will pace up.
Apart from these green initiatives, we strongly encourage you to make your surroundings greener by planting more trees and disposing of your trash in the appropriate manner. These tiny steps may seem inconsequential as the world is so enormous, but these tiny drops of effort play a significant role in the battle against deterioration of our nature.
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